ترجمه فارسی مقاله
We would clarify what we mean by the above title this way:
Will the US pressure on Arab countries for being closer to “Israel” and the anti-religious and anti-traditional reforms result in socio-political controversies in these countries? Did not the US interventions in Iraq, Afghanistan, and even Libya result in the empowerment of Shias in Iraq, the Taliban in Afghanistan, and Fouad al Siraj in Libya with Muslim Brotherhood’s thoughts. The US hide and obvious interventions in Arab countries can unexpectedly lead to the Islamic forces taking control.
Explaining the issue: dear audience, in order to highlight the importance of the subject matter to you, first we need to explain what the writer means by using some keywords.
“Iran’s path“: means a series of reforming measures that were implemented by “Mohammad Reza Shah” and a series of policies like “the White Revolution” and “Land Reform”. According to the comments mentioned in the book “Iran between Two Revolutions”, a Book by Ervand Abrahamian, these measures played a key role in laying the groundwork for “the Islamic Revolution” to take place. Also, Naser Shahinpar, a historian, in his show under the title of “The definition of Independence among the people in our nation” on “Mihan” TV, on 25/09/220- 05/07/1399 clearly states that Shah’s reform measures such as establishing the planning organization, launching the seven-year development plan, land reforms, and profit-sharing for industrial workers were all the programs that were designed in Washington and were dictated to him. When Shah was leaving the White House after a visit with Kennedy, he put a note in his pocket inscribed with the phrase “Land reforms”. Shahinpar said.
According to such researches, we can declare that plans dictated by the US to some oil-exporting countries that are the market destination for weapons and American and European goods were all based on maximizing the profit for industrially developed countries. These plans provided the opportunity for the development of industries related to oil extraction and export, and also the infrastructures for importing goods to the countries that export raw materials. Besides, the American and European strategists did not pay any attention to the fact that what this kind of industrial management would lead to social engineering. In the case of the Iran Revolution, we saw that, apart from the political crisis, the ambassadors of the US and Britain persuaded “Shah” to leave the country, and they started negotiating with “Khomeini”.
The central claim of this text is that these dictated plans to Mohammed Reza Shah that focused on creating a for managing a socio-economic structure, completely neglecting the conventional rural and urban producers as well as farmers and shop-owners, the Mongol-like invasion of western culture, the culture that was against reactionary clerics and the Shia, brought about unity among clerics, the marketers(Bazar – Bazaari بازاری is the name given to the merchant class and workers of bazaars, the traditional marketplaces of Iran. Bazaari are involved in “petty trade of a traditional, or nearly traditional, kind, centered on the bazaar and its Islamic culture” from Wikipedia )and the traditional producers who made up more than 30% of the country’s economy. This gave rise to the Islamic revolution led by Khomeini. Secular, right-wing, and left-wing intellectuals who witnessed the public support for the clergy accepted the reality and stood up for the Revolution and for casting out Shah.
Arab countries: nowadays, we witness the maximum pressure of the White House to establish relations between the Arab countries and Israel. For attracting the powerful lobbies in Israel, “Donald Trump” pressurizes his allies in the Persian Gulf countries to establish relations with Israel as soon as possible. In recent days, we saw the formation of relations between “Sudan” and Israel. Following this trend, a visa-exemption agreement was signed between Israel and UAE (a union of seven small Sheikhdoms named Abu Dhabi (which serves as the capital), Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras Al Khaimah, Sharjah, and Umm Al Quwain which was formed after gaining independence from Britain on December 3, 1971- from Wikipedia )
We should not forget that ” forces these countries not only to develop relations with Israel but also to invest in some parts of Oil revenues in the United States, to purchase guaranteed firearms from the US, as well as to apply some reforms like the ones that are being implemented by “Mohammed bin Salman” in Saudi Arabia. It is interesting that these measures ensued in the suppression of political rivals, some political groups such as the “Muslim Brotherhood”, the conventional clerics especially in Saudi Arabia, and the arrest and imprisonment of journalists and university professors in these countries, particularly in Saudi Arabia. .Do not these incidents remind us of the imposed reforms on Mohammad Reza Shah, the political suppression and economic corruption in the 40s and 50s in Iran?
Conclusion: one possibility in the Persian Gulf countries is the outbreak of socio-political turmoil and the tendency of journalists, university professors, and the middle-class to the conventional clerics who focus on the Arab-Muslim identity. These trends are the result of the continuation of the economic crisis, and the reduction of oil revenues that leads to using the exchange reserves, and the reduction of government subsidies to the economy. In this case, the winners of such changes will be Turkey and Qatar, which results in the empowerment of the “Muslim Brotherhood” in some of these countries.
It can be said that “All roads lead to Rome” and the historical fate of Middle Eastern countries, even Turkey, is to be at least once under the power seizing of Islamic political forces.
“Mohammad Bin Salman” has stated that he tends to make reforms like the ones that Mohammad Reza Shah made in his country. If he shows this much interest in the measures of the Former king in Iran, he is likely to meet the same fate of “Shah”
Of course, the “I.R” perceives the socio-political turmoil in Iran’s neighboring countries, even in Egypt, Sudan, and Somalia, as the starting point of its influence on these countries. On the contrary In the case of any type of political power void in the abovementioned political region, as happened in Arab spring movements in early 2010 the ensuing results surely will not be in favor of the “I.R” and it should be discussed in another research.